International Property - Global House Price Update Q4, 2018
Knight Frank releases its latest Global House Price Index, Q4 2018
Key headlines include:
- Slovenia leads the Global House Price Index for the first time, recording 15.1% growth over the 12-month period.
- The index increased by 4.3% in the year to December 2018, its lowest rate of annual growth since Q3 2016.
- Hong Kong, slipped from first to 22nd place as average prices tumbled 6.2% in the final three months of 2018.
- Only eight of the 56 markets tracked saw prices decline in 2018 and half of them were in Europe.
- With 2019 expected to see greater economic uncertainty, heightened market regulation and a rising cost of debt in major economies we expect the rate of price growth globally to moderate further next quarter.
Source: Knight Frank Research
** Provisional ***Asking prices **** Island-wide price index for non-landed properties
Data for Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, South Africa is to Q3 2018; data for Cyprus and India is to Q2 2018.
GLOBAL HOUSE PRICE UPDATE
Although 86% of the countries and territories tracked by the index recorded a rise in prices in 2018, the index’s overall rate of growth continues to moderate.
Average residential property values across 56 countries and territories increased by 4.3% in the year to December 2018, the lowest annual rate of growth recorded by our index since Q3 2016.
Slovenia (15.1%) now leads the index for the first time. Long term frontrunner, Hong Kong, slipped from first to 22nd place as average prices tumbled 6.2% in the final three months of 2018. The Chinese Mainland crept back up the rankings, whilst Finland and Sweden headed south.
We reported last quarter on rising prices in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) which has been confirmed by Slovenia’s ascendancy into first place. The IMF estimates the country’s economy expanded by 4.5% in 2018 and as a member of the Eurozone, interest rates remain low aiding housing market performance. The latest data from the Slovenian Statistical Office shows sales volumes have almost doubled from 5,700 in 2009 to over 10,000 in the year to Q3 2018.
Hong Kong’s slide was an expected consequence of: a further tightening of housing policy in June 2018; a volatile stock market; a strengthening currency; and, the global trade dispute weighing heavily on buyer sentiment.
Despite significant disparities across the Chinese Mainland, the outperformance of some cities such as Xi’an helped lift annual growth from 8.9% last quarter to 10.7% at the end of Q4 2018. Put in context though, some cities were registering annual growth of 30% to 40% two years ago and although prices are still rising overall, sales across China are expected to decline in 2019 and the loosening of property regulations will be a slower process than expected.
Only eight of the 56 markets tracked saw prices decline in 2018 and half of them were in Europe; Switzerland (-0.1%), Italy (-0.8%), Sweden (-1.5%) and Finland (-2.9%). But Europe’s 2018 figures present a mixed picture – Central and Eastern European countries are out in front, Portugal (6.1%) is now outpacing Germany (5.4%) and the UK (2.5%) is only marginally ahead of Greece (2.4%).
Boosted by Mexico (9.9%), Colombia (8.1%) and Chile’s (6.9%) upturn, Latin America proved the strongest-performing world region in 2018. Africa at 1.6% was the weakest.
With 2019 expected to see greater economic uncertainty, heightened market regulation and a rising cost of debt in major economies we expect the rate of price growth globally to moderate further next quarter.
Courtesy: Knight Frank
Sources: Knight Frank Research; Macrobond, Bank for International Settlements; Eurostat; Australian Bureau of Statistics; OeNB; Statbel; FIPE; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute; Teranet in alliance with National Bank of Canada; Chilean Chamber of Construction; China National Bureau of Statistics (NBS); DANE; Croatian Bureau of Statistics; Central Bank of Cyprus; Czech Statistics Office; Statistics Denmark; Statistics Estonia; Statistics Finland; INSEE; Federal Statistical Office of Germany; Bank of Greece; Hong Kong Rating & Valuation Department; Hungarian Central Statistical Office; Statistics Iceland; India National Housing Bank; Bank of Indonesia; Irish Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government; Israel Central Bureau of Statistics; Italian National Institute of Statistics; Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism; States of Jersey Statistics Unit; Central Statistics Latvia; Lithuania State Enterprise Centre of Registers; STATEC; Malaysian Valuation & Property Services Department; Central Bank of Malta; Mexican Federal Mortgage Company (SHF Sociedad Hipotecaria Federal); Central Bank of Morocco; Statistics Netherlands; Quotable Value LTD and Reserve Bank of New Zealand; Statistics Norway; Central Reserve Bank of Peru; Polish Central Statistical Office (GUS); Portuguese National Statistics Institute (INE); Romanian Statstics Office; Rosstat; Saudi Arabian Central Department of Statistics & Information (CDSI); Singapore Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA); National Bank of Slovakia; Slovenian Statistical Office; First National Bank; Government of South Korea; Spanish Ministry of Development; Statistics Sweden; Swiss National Bank/Wuest & Partner; Taiwan Ministry of the Interior; Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (TCMB); Blagovest; HM Land Registry; S&P Case Shiller
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