Residential Research - Global House Price Index Q1 2017
Results for Q1 2017
- The Knight Frank Global House Price Index* increased by 6.5% in the year to March, its highest rate of growth for three years
- Eleven countries recorded doubledigit price growth in the year to March 2017, a year earlier only four fell into this bracket
- Iceland leads the index recording average price growth of 17.8% in the year to March 2017
- Price growth in China has slipped marginally to 10.3% per annum with more than 45 cities having implemented home purchase restrictions
- Ahead of their 2017 elections France and the Netherlands saw price growth increase, South Korea, the UK and Germany are seeing price growth slow
GLOBAL HOUSE PRICE INDEX GAINS MOMENTUM
A year ago “slow and steady” was the order of the day with the narrative surrounding global house prices one of convergence. Our latest round-up however shows the outliers are returning.
Average house prices rose by 6.5% on average* across the 55 countries tracked by our index, the highest rate of annual growth recorded by the index since the first quarter of 2014.
It is not simply that more countries are recording positive growth although that has played a part – 43 countries recorded price rises in Q1 2016, a year on and this figure has risen to 48. This rise has been accompanied by a concomitant increase in the number of countries seeing double digit annual growth rates. Eleven countries recorded double-digit price growth in the year to March 2017, a year earlier only four fell into this bracket.
Given the uncertain global political landscape, the ramping up of cooling measures in large parts of Asia and the unravelling of stimulus measures such as QE in some parts of the world why are average prices shifting up a gear? Economic growth is one reason – the IMF forecast global GDP to rise by 3.5% in 2017 up from 3.1% in 2016 – property’s reputation as a safe haven investment is another, along with the greater availability of mortgage finance in developing markets.
Iceland, which leads the rankings for the second consecutive quarter, is heating up with average house prices rising by 17.8% year-on-year. A dearth of new supply is
behind the accelerating prices. Iceland’s Housing Financing Fund suggests 9,000 new apartments need to be delivered over the next three years in Reykjavik alone to keep pace with demand.
Although China has slipped from seventh to tenth in our annual rankings this equates to a marginal fall from 10.8% last quarter to 10.3% this quarter. Despite various property market cooling measures, including home purchase restrictions (HPR) and increased downpayment ratios, residential prices continued to rise. The Central Government has widened HPR and as of April 2017, more than 45 cities have implemented such measures.
Europe’s top performers are an eclectic mix; Malta (12.6%), Czech Republic (11%), Estonia (10.7%) and Hungary (10.5%). Economic expansion and the Individual Investor Programme (IIP) explain Malta’s rise, whilst historically low interest rates, wage increases and rising foreign interest are strengthening demand in the remaining three.
As the UK prepares for its fourth national poll in seven years, data suggests property prices continue to ease with annual growth reaching 4.1% in the year to March, down from 5.3% a year earlier. A brief look at some of the key elections in 2017 shows France and the Netherlands stand out as two key countries where price growth strengthened ahead of their polls.
Source: Knight Frank Research
*Direction of annual price growth compared to previous quarter
** Provisional ***Asking prices **** Island-wide price index for non-landed properties
Data for Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Romania and Slovenia to Q4 2016; data for Cyprus, Luxembourgh and South Africa to Q3 2016 and data for Chile and Morocco is to Q2 2016
Courtesy: Knight Frank
The Knight Frank Global House Price Index established in 2006 allows investors and developers to monitor and compare the performance of mainstream residential markets around the world. The index is compiled on a quarterly basis using official government statistics or central bank data where available. The index’s overall performance is weighted by GDP on a Purchasing Power Parity basis and the latest quarter’s data is provisional pending the release of all the countries’ results.
Liam Bailey - Global Head of Research
+44 20 7861 5133
Kate Everett-Allen - International Residential Research
+44 20 7167 2497
+44 20 7861 1182
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